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Online First Aid Course

First Aid is defined as the medical attention that is given to an ill or injured person before medical experts arrive on the scene. This course follows Nationally Accepted guidelines and is valid for 2 years.

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Chapter 12: Burn Emergencies

Defined:
The skin is the body’s largest organ. A burn is an injury to this organ, the skin. Burn treatments vary based on the severity of the injury.
Causes:
  •  Chemical burns
  • Electrical burns
  • Faulty appliances (i.e., space heaters)
  • Fire / Flame (i.e., matches)
  • Heat (i.e., hot liquid, steam)
  • Kitchen accidents (i.e., hot surfaces – stoves, ovens, irons)
  • Motor vehicle accidents
Signs and Symptoms:
  •  Blistering
  • Coughing, difficulty breathing, wheezing (burned airway)
  • Numbness in the skin
  • Oozing fluid
  • Pain
  • Peeling skin
  • Red, white or charred skin
  • Shock
  • Swelling
Common Emergency Example(s):
online-first-aid-course-burns
First Degree Burn (Superficial):

A first degree burn affects only the uppermost or outer layer of the skin. This burn causes mild redness, swelling and pain.

Second Degree Burn (Partial Thickness):

A second degree, or partial thickness, burn affects both the upper layer of the skin and the skin underneath it. Some specific symptoms for this burn include: redness, swelling, pain and blistering.

Third Degree Burn (Full Thickness):

A third degree, or full thickness, burn is the most severe and destroys the deep layers of the skin. This can lead to numb skin and white or blackened skin.

DO NOT:

  • Apply ointments or any household remedies to severe burns
  • Blow air or cough on the burn
  • Disturb any blister or charred skin
  • Give the person anything to eat or drink if the burn is severe
  • Place a severe burn under ice-cold water
  • Remove anything that is stuck to the burn
  • Touch the burn and risk infection
  • Use any kind of dressing that may stick to the burn
First Aid Actions / Treatment:
  1. Assess the scene and check for your safety, especially at the scene of an electrical injury. Stay clear of the person if he / she is in contact with a power source that is on.
  2. Get a First Aid kit and wear personal protective equipment.
  3. If someone is on fire, have them Stop, Drop, and Roll – cover with a wet blanket to put the fire out. Replace with a dry blanket when the fire is out.
  4. Activate EMS (Call 9-1-1) if the burn is severe (third-degree burn) or the scene becomes unsafe.
  5. Remove clothing or jewelry that is NOT stuck to the skin / burn.
  6. Cool all burns with cold water (not ice-cold water; don’t use ice) until the burning subsides; cover with a dry, sterile dressing.
  7. If necessary in severe conditions, provide CPR. If you do not know how, give Hands-Only CPR.

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Capítulo 1 Introducción

*Este curso ahora incluye la Guía provisional de la AHA y la ECC de 2020 para el soporte vital básico (RCP) en relación con la reanimación de pacientes con COVID-19, sospechosos o confirmados. Busque estas actualizaciones provisionales a lo largo del curso.

El paro cardíaco súbito (SCA) es una de las principales causas de muerte entre los adultos en los Estados Unidos. La reanimación cardiopulmonar (RCP) aumenta drásticamente las posibilidades de supervivencia de una víctima que sufre de PCS.

La RCP es una combinación de compresiones torácicas y respiraciones, y proporciona un flujo sanguíneo crítico y oxígeno al corazón y al cerebro.

Si la RCP se inicia dentro de los tres a cinco (3-5) minutos del colapso, aumenta la posibilidad de supervivencia de la víctima y reduce la posibilidad de daño permanente.

Este curso sigue las pautas más recientes y actualizadas de 2020 Emergency Cardiovascular Care (ECC) y AHA, y ha sido diseñado para ayudarlo a adquirir las habilidades que necesitará para responder de manera efectiva en una situación de emergencia.

Esquema de los temas del curso:
  1. Introducción
  2. Evaluación de la situación
  3. Compresiones-Vía Aérea-Respiración (CAB)
  4. RCP para adultos: compresiones
  5. RCP en adultos: vías respiratorias y respiraciones
  6. RCP para adultos: Júntelo
  7. RCP infantil
  8. RCP infantil
  9. Desfibrilador Externo Automático (DEA)
  10. Atragantamiento – Adulto y Niño
  11. Atragantamiento: bebés
  12. Directrices de RCP por coronavirus
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