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Online CPR/AED Course

Our CPR/AED courses include Adult, Child and Infant techniques. Additionally, our CPR certification course includes training on the use of an Automated External Defibrillator (AED). The CPR/AED certification is valid for 2 years.
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  5. Chapter 5: Adult CPR:...

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Chapter 5: Adult CPR: Airway And Breaths

After every 30 compressions, open the airway and give two rescue breaths. If you can give breaths, you will help the victim even more.

Airway:

To give breaths you must first open the airway and ensure there are no obstructions. The tongue is the most common obstruction. If you see any foreign object and it can be removed easily, remove it.

Perform the head-tilt chin-lift motion: Tilt the head and pinch the nose with the same hand. With the other hand lift the chin – this will open up the airway.

breaths-img
Breaths:

Hold open the airway, pinch the nose, and blow air into the mouth. Be sure to place your mouth tightly over the victim’s mouth; use a barrier if available. Give 2 breaths that last one (1) second each. Ensure that the chest rises and falls between each breath.

If the breaths you give do not go in, continue to give chest compressions following the same 30:2 ratio until the breaths go in. Do not interrupt compressions for more than 10 seconds.

 

Continue to give sets of 30 chest compressions and 2 rescue breaths, with at least 100 to 120 compressions per minute until an AED or EMS arrives, or the person starts to breathe (shows signs of life).

If a person begins to breathe, roll him/her to their side in a recovery position until EMS arrives. When in recovery position, vomit and other fluids will drain from the mouth. While moving the person take special care of the neck, head and back.

** Note: [2020 Interim Guidance] Many lay responders may be hesitant to provide rescue breaths because of fear of transmission. Responders should at least perform hands-only CPR.

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Chapter 12: Coronavirus CPR Guidelines

With the widespread COVID-19 pandemic, and the probability of an increase in cardiac arrests, interim 2020 AHA guidelines for CPR were released in April.

Many healthcare providers work close to patients who may be suspected or confirmed to have COVID-19. They also have the highest risk profession for contracting the disease. These modifications were made in an effort to:

  • Limit the personnel attending to a patient,
  • reduce provider exposure, and
  • to encourage bystander CPR with an emphasis on providing at least hands-only chest compressions.
Healthcare Provider Adult CPR Update
  • Put on PPE before stepping on the scene
  • Begin cycles of 30 compressions and 2 rescue breaths.
  • Use a bag-mask device with a tight seal and filter when giving rescue breaths OR provide continuous chest compressions with passive oxygenation using a medical/protective mask.
  • Use mechanical CPR devices for patients who meet the height/weight requirements to lower aerosolization risk.
Chest Compressions for Adults:
  • Perform at least hands-only CPR after a cardiac arrest event has been identified
  • face mask or a cloth that covers the mouth and nose of the healthcare provider and/or victim may reduce the risk of COVID-19 transmission to a non-household bystander
Chest Compressions for Children:
  • Perform chest compressions and consider mouth-to-mouth ventilation
  • face mask or cloth that covers the mouth and nose of the healthcare provider and/or victim may reduce the risk of COVID-19 transmission to a non-household bystander.
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