In any situation it is imperative that you first ensure your safety. Check to see that the scene is safe first for you and the victim!
Protect yourself and (a) follow OSHA’s universal precautions, (b) use personal protective equipment, (c) follow other standard precautions and (d) be aware of proper biohazard waste practices.
Universal Precautions is OSHA’s required method of control to “protect employees from exposure to all human blood and OPIM.”
If you come in contact with infectious blood or blood-containing materials, there is a chance you may get sick. For this reason, “universal precautions” means that you should treat all blood and blood-containing materials (OPIM) as if they contain HIV and other BBPs.
When you are around blood or OPIM, you should wear certain equipment to protect yourself – this is known as personal protective equipment (PPE).
OSHA states that PPE can be determined based on the type of exposure and quantity of blood or OPIM that is anticipated to be encountered during a task or procedure. Check your company’s exposure control plan for more details.