Chapter 2: What are Bloodborne Pathogens?
What are Bloodborne Pathogens?
Bloodborne Pathogens (BBPs) are microorganisms and bacteria that are present in human blood or body fluids and can cause sickness and sometimes death.
The Hepatitis B virus, (HBV) Hepatitis C virus, and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) are all examples of BBPs.
Bloodborne pathogens may also be found in (also known as other potentially infectious materials; OPIM):
- vaginal secretions
- cerebrospinal fluid (brain)
- synovial fluid (joint)
- pleural fluid (lungs)
- pericardial fluid (heart)
- peritoneal fluid (abdomen/body cavity)
- amniotic fluid (uterine)
- saliva (in dental procedures)
- unfixed human tissue or organs
- any body fluids visibly contaminated with blood
- any body fluids that cannot be recognized
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV):
The HIV virus weakens your immune system by attacking important, infection-