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Online First Aid Course

First Aid is defined as the medical attention that is given to an ill or injured person before medical experts arrive on the scene. This course follows Nationally Accepted guidelines and is valid for 2 years.

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Chapter 4: Breathing Emergencies

Defined:

A breathing emergency (considered to be a medical emergency) is any respiratory problem that can threaten a person’s life. It can range from not being able to take a breath to not being able to breathe at all.

Causes:

There are many different causes that can lead to a breathing emergency. Some of these include:

  • Allergic reactions
  • Asthma
  • Chest injury or infection
  • Choking
  • Fear, pain or anxiety
  • Fumes inhalation
  • Heart attack
  • Heart disease or heart failure
  • Infection (i.e., pneumonia), collapsed or punctured lungs
  • Injury to the head, neck or chest
  • Smoking
Signs and Symptoms:
  •  Breathing is very rapid or very slow
  • Chest pain
  • Confused and aggressive behavior
  • Cough
  • Noisy breathing (wheezing or whistling sounds)
  • Pale or blue face, lips and fingers
  • Shortness of breath or troubled breathing
Common Emergency Example(s):
Asthma:

Asthma is the third highest cause of hospitalization amongst those under the age of 15. Many people that have this medical condition are aware of it and carry an inhaler for use in an emergency.
Asthma attacks can be triggered by many things, such as:

online-cpr-course-breathing-emergencies
  1. Plants and mold
  2. Perfume
  3. Dust, smoke, and air pollution
  4. Fear, anxiety and strong emotional display
  5. Medications
  6. Pets, animal fur, feathers, carpets, rugs
  7. Rapid changing temperatures
  8. Strenuous exercise
 
First Aid Actions / Treatment
  1. Assess the scene and check for your safety.
  2. Ask the person if he/she has prescribed medication. Get the medicine for the person if he/she cannot access it.
    • Help the person utilize an inhaler or epi-pen if he/she has one.
  3. Call 9-1-1 if the person does not have medicine or the breathing emergency worsens.
  4. Loosen any tight clothing (especially around the neck).
  5. Try to keep the person calm, and stay with the person until advanced medical help arrives.
  6. If necessary, provide CPR. If you do not know how, give Hands-Only CPR.

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Capítulo 1 Introducción

*Este curso ahora incluye la Guía provisional de la AHA y la ECC de 2020 para el soporte vital básico (RCP) en relación con la reanimación de pacientes con COVID-19, sospechosos o confirmados. Busque estas actualizaciones provisionales a lo largo del curso.

El paro cardíaco súbito (SCA) es una de las principales causas de muerte entre los adultos en los Estados Unidos. La reanimación cardiopulmonar (RCP) aumenta drásticamente las posibilidades de supervivencia de una víctima que sufre de PCS.

La RCP es una combinación de compresiones torácicas y respiraciones, y proporciona un flujo sanguíneo crítico y oxígeno al corazón y al cerebro.

Si la RCP se inicia dentro de los tres a cinco (3-5) minutos del colapso, aumenta la posibilidad de supervivencia de la víctima y reduce la posibilidad de daño permanente.

Este curso sigue las pautas más recientes y actualizadas de 2020 Emergency Cardiovascular Care (ECC) y AHA, y ha sido diseñado para ayudarlo a adquirir las habilidades que necesitará para responder de manera efectiva en una situación de emergencia.

Esquema de los temas del curso:
  1. Introducción
  2. Evaluación de la situación
  3. Compresiones-Vía Aérea-Respiración (CAB)
  4. RCP para adultos: compresiones
  5. RCP en adultos: vías respiratorias y respiraciones
  6. RCP para adultos: Júntelo
  7. RCP infantil
  8. RCP infantil
  9. Desfibrilador Externo Automático (DEA)
  10. Atragantamiento – Adulto y Niño
  11. Atragantamiento: bebés
  12. Directrices de RCP por coronavirus
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