Chapter 3: Transmission of Pathogens
Bloodborne Pathogens (BBPs) can be transmitted if infected blood or OPIM enter your body through the following routes of transmission:
- Parenteral exposure – a break in the skin (skin penetrating injury), such as: stick with a needle or other sharp object, illegal drug use, cut from broken glass, human bites, and abrasions
- Through a mucous membrane in the eye, nose, or mouth
- Sexual contact
CDC estimates that workers in the health care industry and related occupations (anyone whose job involves contact with blood or OPIM) are at the highest risk of occupational exposure to BBPs.