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Online First Aid Course

First Aid is defined as the medical attention that is given to an ill or injured person before medical experts arrive on the scene. This course follows Nationally Accepted guidelines and is valid for 2 years.

Chapter 9: Heat and Cold-Related Emergencies

Defined:

Overexposure to heat or cold can make a person seriously ill. In this section we will cover heat-related emergencies such as: heat cramps, heat exhaustion and heat stroke. We will also cover cold-related emergencies such as: frostbite and hypothermia.

Causes:

– Heat-Related Emergency:

  1. Dehydration
  2. Excessive clothing in hot / humid temperatures
  3. Excessive sweating
  4. Overexposure to a hot environment
  5. Too much exercise

– Cold-Related Emergency:

  1. Exposure of body parts in below freezing point temperatures
  2. Lack of warm clothing / heating in cold environment
  3. Low body temperature
  4. Prolonged exposure to cold temperatures
  5. Wet clothes in a cold area

Signs and Symptoms

– Heat-Related Emergency:

  1. Cramps:nausea; vomiting; muscle cramps, spasms or pain; dizziness; exhaustion; sweating
  2. Exhaustion: pale, moist or flushed skin; weakness; headache; dizziness; cramps; sweating; faint feeling
  3. Stroke: high body temperature; fainting; dizziness; seizure; nausea and vomiting; cramps

– Cold-Related Emergency: