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Healthcare Provider CPR/AED and First Aid Combo Course Online

Our CPR/AED and First Aid combo course includes Adult, Child and Infant CPR and First Aid training. Our Healthcare Provider courses cater to all healthcare professionals. The combo certification is valid for 2 years and includes a free mailed in wallet card.

Chapter 25: First Aid - Poison Emergencies

 

Defined:

 

A poison is a substance that can cause injury, illness or death if it enters the body accidently or deliberately. Some poisons are harmful if you breathe or swallow them, while others are harmful upon direct contact.

 

Causes:

Alcohol

Drugs

Cleaning products

Food (i.e., contaminated water, mishandled food)

Pesticides

Plants (i.e., poison ivy)

Poisonous liquids

Poisonous gases

   
Poison Ivy
  

Signs and Symptoms:

Burning around the lips and tongue

Burning or tearing of eyes

Change of consciousness

Chest or abdominal pain

Diarrhea

Hallucinations

Irregular pupil size

Nausea and vomiting

Skin color change

Seizures, headache, dizziness, weakness

Troubled breathing

 

Common Emergency Example(s):

 

Swallowed Poisons:

These poisons enter the body by swallowing and can include: food, drugs, alcohol, household and cleaning products, pesticides, plants and more. Some substances may not be poisonous if taken in a small quantity.

Poison Danger

Inhaled Poison:

A person can also be poisoned by breathing in poison, like certain fumes and gases. Examples include: carbon monoxide (car exhaust), carbon dioxide (from sewers, wells), chlorine (found in swimming pools), glues and paints.

 

Absorbed Poison:

These poisons are absorbed through the skin, and include: plants (poison ivy, poison oak and poison sumac), fertilizers, pesticides and more.

 

Injected Poison:

An injected poison enters the body through bites or stings of insects, spiders, ticks, snakes and / or through medical hypodermic needles.

 

First Aid Actions / Treatment:

 

1.

Assess the scene and check for your safety. Do not approach the person if the scene is unsafe. Keep an eye out for signs of a poison – leaking containers, gases, etc.

2.

Get a First Aid kit and wear personal protective equipment.

3.

Activate EMS (Call 9-1-1) and call National Poison Control Center at 1-800-222-1222. Follow dispatcher instructions. Gather the following information and inform poison control of what you learn:

  • Type of poison

  • Quantity taken / inhaled / touched

  • When did it happen?

  • Person’s weight; age

4.

If possible, remove the poison. Remove any contaminated jewelry or clothing and brush off solid substances with gloved hand.

5.

Rinse contaminated area with water for at least 20 minutes.

6.

Move the person to a poison-free scene, if possible.

7.

If CPR is required, be sure to wear a breathing barrier to protect yourself from possible exposure to the poison.

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Course: First Aid Course

Chapter 25: First Aid - Poison Emergencies

 

Defined:

 

A poison is a substance that can cause injury, illness or death if it enters the body accidently or deliberately. Some poisons are harmful if you breathe or swallow them, while others are harmful upon direct contact.

 

Causes:

Alcohol

Drugs

Cleaning products

Food (i.e., contaminated water, mishandled food)

Pesticides

Plants (i.e., poison ivy)

Poisonous liquids

Poisonous gases

   
Poison Ivy
  

Signs and Symptoms:

Burning around the lips and tongue

Burning or tearing of eyes

Change of consciousness

Chest or abdominal pain

Diarrhea

Hallucinations

Irregular pupil size

Nausea and vomiting

Skin color change

Seizures, headache, dizziness, weakness

Troubled breathing

 

Common Emergency Example(s):

 

Swallowed Poisons:

These poisons enter the body by swallowing and can include: food, drugs, alcohol, household and cleaning products, pesticides, plants and more. Some substances may not be poisonous if taken in a small quantity.

Poison Danger

Inhaled Poison:

A person can also be poisoned by breathing in poison, like certain fumes and gases. Examples include: carbon monoxide (car exhaust), carbon dioxide (from sewers, wells), chlorine (found in swimming pools), glues and paints.

 

Absorbed Poison:

These poisons are absorbed through the skin, and include: plants (poison ivy, poison oak and poison sumac), fertilizers, pesticides and more.

 

Injected Poison:

An injected poison enters the body through bites or stings of insects, spiders, ticks, snakes and / or through medical hypodermic needles.

 

First Aid Actions / Treatment:

 

1.

Assess the scene and check for your safety. Do not approach the person if the scene is unsafe. Keep an eye out for signs of a poison – leaking containers, gases, etc.

2.

Get a First Aid kit and wear personal protective equipment.

3.

Activate EMS (Call 9-1-1) and call National Poison Control Center at 1-800-222-1222. Follow dispatcher instructions. Gather the following information and inform poison control of what you learn:

  • Type of poison

  • Quantity taken / inhaled / touched

  • When did it happen?

  • Person’s weight; age

4.

If possible, remove the poison. Remove any contaminated jewelry or clothing and brush off solid substances with gloved hand.

5.

Rinse contaminated area with water for at least 20 minutes.

6.

Move the person to a poison-free scene, if possible.

7.

If CPR is required, be sure to wear a breathing barrier to protect yourself from possible exposure to the poison.