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Healthcare Provider CPR/AED and First Aid Combo Course Online

Our CPR/AED and First Aid combo course includes Adult, Child and Infant CPR and First Aid training. Our Healthcare Provider courses cater to all healthcare professionals. The combo certification is valid for 2 years and includes a free mailed in wallet card.

Chapter 23: First Aid - Muscle, Bone and Joint Emergencies

 

Defined:

 

This emergency occurs when a muscle, bone or joint moves in a direction that it is not supposed to go. This movement can lead to broken bones, sprains, fractures and other injuries.
 

Causes:

Falling, tripping

Motor vehicle accidents

Running, walking, exercise

Sports, physical activity

Sudden impact

   
  

Signs and Symptoms:

Bruising and swelling

Bone fragment(s) sticking out

Coldness, numbness

Discoloration (blue)

Deformity

Inability to use the affected part normally

Pain

Snapping or popping sound at time of injury

 

Common Emergency Example(s):

 

Fracture / Broken Bone:

A fracture is a complete break, a chip or a crack in the bone. An open fracture involves an open wound, and is when a bone end tears through the skin. An open fracture is more dangerous and severe. However, a closed fracture is more common.


Dislocation

Dislocation:

A dislocation is the movement of a bone at a joint from its normal position. When the bone is moved out of place, the joint no longer functions. Usually dislocations happen at the shoulder, elbow, wrist, jaw and hip.

 

Sprain / Strain:

A sprain is the tearing of the ligaments at a joint. Sprains mostly occur at the ankle, knee, wrist and fingers. A strain is the stretching and tearing of a muscle. They usually occur in the neck, back, thigh, or the back of the lower leg.

 

Use RICE method when dealing with a sprain or strain:


SprainRest: Do not move or straighten the injury.

Immobilize: Try to stabilize the person in the position he/she was found. Splint or sling the injured part only and use caution if moving the person.

Cold: Indirectly cool the part using ice for up to 20 minutes.

Elevate: Only elevate the part if it does not cause more pain.

 

 

First Aid Actions / Treatment:

 

1.

Assess the scene and check for your safety.

2.

Get a First Aid kit and wear personal protective equipment.

3.

Apply a clean dressing on any open wounds. Don’t move any body part that is deformed or bent (fractured).

4.

If person is experiencing:

  • Closed Fracture / Dislocation: keep injured area still; apply a light padding underneath injured area and apply a broad sling; tie the affected part with another limb of the body or another body part to keep it sturdy from movement

  • Sprain / Strain: place a cold pack or a plastic bag filled with water and ice on a towel and then on the injured area (up to 20 minutes); use RICE method detailed above

5.

Activate EMS (Call 9-1-1) if the open wound is large.

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Course: First Aid Course

Chapter 23: First Aid - Muscle, Bone and Joint Emergencies

 

Defined:

 

This emergency occurs when a muscle, bone or joint moves in a direction that it is not supposed to go. This movement can lead to broken bones, sprains, fractures and other injuries.
 

Causes:

Falling, tripping

Motor vehicle accidents

Running, walking, exercise

Sports, physical activity

Sudden impact

   
  

Signs and Symptoms:

Bruising and swelling

Bone fragment(s) sticking out

Coldness, numbness

Discoloration (blue)

Deformity

Inability to use the affected part normally

Pain

Snapping or popping sound at time of injury

 

Common Emergency Example(s):

 

Fracture / Broken Bone:

A fracture is a complete break, a chip or a crack in the bone. An open fracture involves an open wound, and is when a bone end tears through the skin. An open fracture is more dangerous and severe. However, a closed fracture is more common.


Dislocation

Dislocation:

A dislocation is the movement of a bone at a joint from its normal position. When the bone is moved out of place, the joint no longer functions. Usually dislocations happen at the shoulder, elbow, wrist, jaw and hip.

 

Sprain / Strain:

A sprain is the tearing of the ligaments at a joint. Sprains mostly occur at the ankle, knee, wrist and fingers. A strain is the stretching and tearing of a muscle. They usually occur in the neck, back, thigh, or the back of the lower leg.

 

Use RICE method when dealing with a sprain or strain:


SprainRest: Do not move or straighten the injury.

Immobilize: Try to stabilize the person in the position he/she was found. Splint or sling the injured part only and use caution if moving the person.

Cold: Indirectly cool the part using ice for up to 20 minutes.

Elevate: Only elevate the part if it does not cause more pain.

 

 

First Aid Actions / Treatment:

 

1.

Assess the scene and check for your safety.

2.

Get a First Aid kit and wear personal protective equipment.

3.

Apply a clean dressing on any open wounds. Don’t move any body part that is deformed or bent (fractured).

4.

If person is experiencing:

  • Closed Fracture / Dislocation: keep injured area still; apply a light padding underneath injured area and apply a broad sling; tie the affected part with another limb of the body or another body part to keep it sturdy from movement

  • Sprain / Strain: place a cold pack or a plastic bag filled with water and ice on a towel and then on the injured area (up to 20 minutes); use RICE method detailed above

5.

Activate EMS (Call 9-1-1) if the open wound is large.