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Healthcare Provider CPR/AED and First Aid Combo Course Online

Our CPR/AED and First Aid combo course includes Adult, Child and Infant CPR and First Aid training. Our Healthcare Provider courses cater to all healthcare professionals. The combo certification is valid for 2 years and includes a free mailed in wallet card.

Chapter 19: First Aid - Allergy Emergencies

 

Defined:

 

When a person has an allergy, he or she experiences an immune response to a substance that is usually not harmful. An allergy emergency may occur if a person is exposed to this allergen. An allergic reaction may become severe if not treated in a timely manner.
 

Causes:

 

People may be allergic to a variety of different things such as:

Animals (i.e., cats, dogs)

Ant bites

Bee stings

Chocolate

Eggs

Medication (i.e., penicillin)

Peanuts

Pollen, dust, mold

Specific plants / chemicals in plants

Wasp stings

   
  

Signs and Symptoms:

Itchy skin

Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea (stomach pain)

Rash, hives, redness

Signs of shock

Stuffy nose, sneezing

Swelling of the tongue and face

Troubled breathing

 

Common Emergency Example(s):

 

Anaphylaxis:

This is a severe, life-threatening allergic reaction. It occurs suddenly, and within seconds or minutes after contact with the allergen.

 

A reaction of troubled breathing can cause obstructions in the airway and even lead to shock. Anaphylaxis requires immediate medical treatment, including the epinephrine injection and a trip to the hospital.

 
EpiPen
 

First Aid Actions / Treatment:

 

1.

Assess the scene and check for your safety.

2.

Activate EMS (Call 9-1-1).

3.

Get a First Aid kit if available.

4.

Many people that have an allergy carry an epinephrine pen. If the person responds, and has an epinephrine pen, help him get it. The person should know how to use it and can administer himself if necessary. If you are allowed to use an epinephrine pen, ask for consent and administer the injection.

5.

Rub the spot for 10 seconds, dispose of the injection properly and record what time the shot was given.

6.

If necessary, provide CPR. If you do not know how, give Hands-Only CPR.

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Course: First Aid Course

Chapter 19: First Aid - Allergy Emergencies

 

Defined:

 

When a person has an allergy, he or she experiences an immune response to a substance that is usually not harmful. An allergy emergency may occur if a person is exposed to this allergen. An allergic reaction may become severe if not treated in a timely manner.
 

Causes:

 

People may be allergic to a variety of different things such as:

Animals (i.e., cats, dogs)

Ant bites

Bee stings

Chocolate

Eggs

Medication (i.e., penicillin)

Peanuts

Pollen, dust, mold

Specific plants / chemicals in plants

Wasp stings

   
  

Signs and Symptoms:

Itchy skin

Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea (stomach pain)

Rash, hives, redness

Signs of shock

Stuffy nose, sneezing

Swelling of the tongue and face

Troubled breathing

 

Common Emergency Example(s):

 

Anaphylaxis:

This is a severe, life-threatening allergic reaction. It occurs suddenly, and within seconds or minutes after contact with the allergen.

 

A reaction of troubled breathing can cause obstructions in the airway and even lead to shock. Anaphylaxis requires immediate medical treatment, including the epinephrine injection and a trip to the hospital.

 
EpiPen
 

First Aid Actions / Treatment:

 

1.

Assess the scene and check for your safety.

2.

Activate EMS (Call 9-1-1).

3.

Get a First Aid kit if available.

4.

Many people that have an allergy carry an epinephrine pen. If the person responds, and has an epinephrine pen, help him get it. The person should know how to use it and can administer himself if necessary. If you are allowed to use an epinephrine pen, ask for consent and administer the injection.

5.

Rub the spot for 10 seconds, dispose of the injection properly and record what time the shot was given.

6.

If necessary, provide CPR. If you do not know how, give Hands-Only CPR.