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Online CPR/AED and First Aid Combo Course

Our CPR/AED and First Aid combo course includes Adult, Child and Infant CPR and First Aid training. The combo certification is valid for 2 years and includes a free mailed in wallet card.

Chapter 21: First Aid - Wound Emergencies

 

Defined:

 

Wounds are an injury of the soft tissue (tissue in the body that is not bone). Wounds are generally classified as either a closed or open wound.
 

Causes:

Abrasions (cuts or lacerations)

Amputation

Blow

Bite

Falling

Fight: punch, bump or hit

Motor vehicle accident

Puncturing and penetrating (sharp objects, glass, etc.)

   
  
Wound Emergency

Signs and Symptoms:

Bleeding

Bruising

Pain

Redness, swelling

 

Common Emergency Example(s):

 

Closed Wound:

A closed wound is a wound on the skin’s surface that does not break the skin. A common closed wound is a bruise, which develops when the body is bumped or hit. A more serious closed wound may be caused by a violent force hitting the body. The person can severely damage tissues, blood vessels and muscles, leading to heavier internal bleeding.

 

Open Wound:

An open wound causes a break in the skin. The wound can range from something minor like a scrape to a deeper, puncture of the skin. A minor open wound includes small cuts, scrapes and abrasions. Immediate medical attention may be required for major open wounds that are heavily bleeding (i.e., amputation).

 

First Aid Actions / Treatment:

 

1.

Assess the scene and check for your safety.

2.

Get a First Aid kit and wear personal protective equipment.

3.

If person is experiencing:

  • Nose bleed: pinch the nose, tilt the head forward and apply a cold pack to the bridge of the nose

  • Mouth bleeding (dental emergency): apply pressure with gauze to the area, but be careful not to block airway; check for missing or loose teeth; if tooth is out, rinse with water and place in a cup of milk; call a dentist for loose or chipped teeth

  • Minor closed wound (bruise): elevate injured area and apply ice pack or cold towel for 30 to 45 minutes

  • Minor open / bleeding wound (cuts, abrasions): apply pressure with gauze (dressing) to the area; keep pressure on the wound until bleeding stops; apply a dressing and cover with a bandage

4.

Activate EMS (Call 9-1-1) if there is a lot of bleeding, trouble breathing, signs of shock or the person has a major open or closed wound.

5.

If necessary in severe conditions, provide CPR. If you do not know how, give Hands-Only CPR.

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Course: First Aid Course

Chapter 21: First Aid - Wound Emergencies

 

Defined:

 

Wounds are an injury of the soft tissue (tissue in the body that is not bone). Wounds are generally classified as either a closed or open wound.
 

Causes:

Abrasions (cuts or lacerations)

Amputation

Blow

Bite

Falling

Fight: punch, bump or hit

Motor vehicle accident

Puncturing and penetrating (sharp objects, glass, etc.)

   
  
Wound Emergency

Signs and Symptoms:

Bleeding

Bruising

Pain

Redness, swelling

 

Common Emergency Example(s):

 

Closed Wound:

A closed wound is a wound on the skin’s surface that does not break the skin. A common closed wound is a bruise, which develops when the body is bumped or hit. A more serious closed wound may be caused by a violent force hitting the body. The person can severely damage tissues, blood vessels and muscles, leading to heavier internal bleeding.

 

Open Wound:

An open wound causes a break in the skin. The wound can range from something minor like a scrape to a deeper, puncture of the skin. A minor open wound includes small cuts, scrapes and abrasions. Immediate medical attention may be required for major open wounds that are heavily bleeding (i.e., amputation).

 

First Aid Actions / Treatment:

 

1.

Assess the scene and check for your safety.

2.

Get a First Aid kit and wear personal protective equipment.

3.

If person is experiencing:

  • Nose bleed: pinch the nose, tilt the head forward and apply a cold pack to the bridge of the nose

  • Mouth bleeding (dental emergency): apply pressure with gauze to the area, but be careful not to block airway; check for missing or loose teeth; if tooth is out, rinse with water and place in a cup of milk; call a dentist for loose or chipped teeth

  • Minor closed wound (bruise): elevate injured area and apply ice pack or cold towel for 30 to 45 minutes

  • Minor open / bleeding wound (cuts, abrasions): apply pressure with gauze (dressing) to the area; keep pressure on the wound until bleeding stops; apply a dressing and cover with a bandage

4.

Activate EMS (Call 9-1-1) if there is a lot of bleeding, trouble breathing, signs of shock or the person has a major open or closed wound.

5.

If necessary in severe conditions, provide CPR. If you do not know how, give Hands-Only CPR.