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Take precautions when providing First Aid care to people with suspected COVID-19

As a Good Samaritan, you may have already completed a basic first aid training course. In the panic of the coronavirus pandemic, it’s important to keep in touch with news about the disease and any CDC updates. Most importantly, healthcare providers, medical personnel, clinics, and hospitals need to stay on top of pandemic preparedness and infection prevention protocols.

Here are some resources for healthcare / medical personnel in regards to COVID-19:

  • More pandemic resources can be found here.

When providing First Aid:

  • Those who provide direct care for someone who may have COVID-19 should wear respiratory protection/masks (i.e., N-95 mask), disposable gloves, and eye mask. CDC guidance allows provides info on alternatives to respirators where there is a shortage of respirators.
  • Post care, providers of first aid should perform hand hygiene as they would normally do, discard personal protective equipment (PPE), and disinfect items that the patient may have touched.
Corona Virus Prevention

For Medical Personnel:

Providers with contact with persons known or suspected to have COVID-19 should monitor themselves for symptoms. These may include fever, runny nose, cough, and/or shortness of breath. If these symptoms occur, they should self-isolate for 14 days and contact their healthcare provider or healthcare facility.

Additional information about the coronavirus can be found on the CDC website on https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/index.html.

 


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March 12, 2020 First AidSafety Tips0

COVID-19 Precautions

The health and safety of the American Health Care Academy community is extremely important to us. We want you all to prepare and be aware of all of the safety information and preventive measures set forth by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC), the World Health Organization (WHO), and other national and local public health agencies regarding the coronavirus.

Empowered by our commitment to provide quality healthcare education, we want to encourage everyone to:

  • Stay informed on the developments of the coronavirus. Take proactive steps in maintaining a safe and healthy environment within your household, workplace, and community.
  • Learn the basic procedures of performing first aid. We’ve seen a recent upsurge in First Aid training and education due to the current Coronavirus outbreak. This training may help you keep calm if an emergency arises.

It is important to understand the symptoms and risks relating to coronavirus, and the steps you can take to stay healthy to protect yourself from the virus.

COVID-19 Symptoms:

Symptoms may include a cough, fever, and shortness of breath or other respiratory issues. Symptoms usually appear within two to 14 days.

COVID-19 Precautions:

  • Stay home if you are sick.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Avoid close contact with people who have cold or flu-like symptoms.
  • Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water.
  • Cover your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze, and dispose of the used tissue immediately.
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces using a regular household cleaning spray or antiseptic wipes.
  • If you are working in a medical field, are in contact with people who may be ill or are traveling, use personal protective equipment, such as gloves and face masks, whenever possible.

When to seek medical help:

Seek medical attention and call in advance if you have a fever, cough, and difficulty breathing, and have a recent history of travel to countries where COVID-19 is spreading – such as China, South Korea, Iran, and Italy. Avoid travel unless essential. Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility and prevent the possible spread of the coronavirus.

Additional information about the coronavirus can be found on the CDC website here: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/index.html


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March 2, 2020 Safety Tips0

Many people enjoy swimming, especially during the summer. Despite swimming being an enjoyable sport and a form of exercise for a lot of people, it can also be dangerous to those who have not mastered the skills yet. Knowing life-saving skills like CPR and first aid by taking online CPR courses can help you save someone’s life in case of an emergency. You can learn more about it online, but here are some essential tips to get you started.

How to Detect a Drowning Victim?

Sudden Panicky Movements

It is common for an individual who is drowning to move suddenly up and down as they try to catch a breath. The victim will try to move their arms out of the water to signal to the people around that they are in danger. If you observe such floundering signs then you know it is time to take action. You can know more about how to identify victims in danger by taking online CPR courses and first aid training.

Dropping to the Bottom of the Pool

If the person was swimming and they suddenly drop to the bottom of the pool and can’t get up within a few seconds it is a sign of trouble.

They Stop Kicking

A swimming person will always make kicking movements. However, if they are drowning, they can feel as if they don’t have enough energy to continue kicking. They will then become still and this should be your GO sign.

Another important thing that you should always keep in mind is only attempting to save the person if you are safe. You should not do anything to compromise your safety and put you in danger. You should always put your safety first before you can attempt to save another person or you might end up becoming a victim.

Here are some essential tips to remember:

Call for Help

You need to call for help as you continue to assess the situation or contemplate the necessary action to take. If you are unable to call 911 yourself, you should shout and get someone else to call for help. The sooner you call the EMTs the better and the greater the chance of survival for the victim.

Examine Your Environment

Look around you and see if you can spot any floatation device or something useful. It can be a shepherd’s hook, a ring-shaped or torpedo-shaped buoy that you can use to get the victim out of the water.

Swim to the Victim

Make the decision to swim towards the victim only if you are a good swimmer or trained in underwater rescue. Never swim to the victim if it means putting yourself in danger as the victim can hold on to you and drown both of you. If you manage to swim to the victim, go behind them and hold them underneath their arms. You can then use your legs to kick and get the victim to safety.

Once the victim is out of the water, perform CPR as soon as you can if they are unconscious. If the emergency personnel has not yet arrived then the first thing you should do is to look for a pulse. Ascertain that the victim is breathing then start to perform CPR. You can also give mouth-to-mouth resuscitation to return the victim to normalcy.


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Emergency services play a great role in saving the lives of people. You are going to understand the various channels involved in emergency care in this article.

An emergency is a situation that requires you to take immediate action. These situations can happen at any place and time. Therefore, it is important to learn how to react in such a situation. BLS courses online provide tips to acquire the necessary knowledge and skills. After the BLS certificate expires, you will need to look for BLS renewal online to stay up to date with the guidelines.

Likely, the tips you acquire from these courses could help you save a life. Moreover, here are some top tips for emergency and first aid services.

Understanding Emergency Services

The emergency medical services (EMS) is usually a link that builds upon another link. The success of these links will depend on the success of the other link. When carried out correctly, the emergency medical services will move the victim from one level to the other until their health is restored.

Act as a Responsible Citizen

As a citizen, you are the first respondent when it comes to carrying out emergency care. First, you would begin acting on the situation by recognizing that the person is suffering from an emergency. Next, call the emergency services or the police to come and rescue the victim. This will increase the chances of survival of the victim. Of course, with proper training, you will have the ability to take necessary first aid action.

People Involved in an Emergency Situation

The second link is the person who works in the communication department at the emergency services. They are the ones to determine the type of help needed by the victim. They will go ahead to dispatch the appropriate emergency officers to handle the situation. Some of them can give you guidelines on how you can help the victim as you wait for the emergency officers.

The emergency medical expert is the third person in the link. They will provide the victim with skilled medical care services. Such professionals usually use advanced techniques and they save the lives of people.

The above three links will provide the patient without hospital care services. The fourth link consists of the healthcare providers who will begin treatment when the individual is taken to the hospital. There are so many people involved in this link such as the physicians, nurses, and other healthcare professionals.

The final link in the emergency medical services is rehabilitation. It is intended to get the patient back to the original state. When the victim has arrived at the emergency department, they will work together to help the patient regain their health. It can also include members of the family working together to help the victim.

Each of us is required to play a role in the chain system. Responding to an emergency situation is easy and you do not require any expertise to carry out the activity. When the chain is stronger, there are high chances of saving the life of the victim. If you have BLS training, you can also carry out first aid measures. You can consider BLS renewal online, once it expires.


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Find out how CPR and first aid comes to the rescue when your kid is in an emergency situation.

First aid and CPR are life-saving skills everyone should endeavor to acquire. When you are a parent, it is even more important that you know first aid and CPR since there is no predicting what kind of accident your kid could end up in considering how clumsy kids can be. You can look for CPR classes online, and this article will equip you with basics that could save your child’s life.

Choking

Infants experiment with their mouths and this puts them at risk of choking. Every parent needs to be prepared to deal with such a situation when dealing with babies. For a young child still under 1 year, you will put the child on your arms face down and then let your arm run lengthwise along the belly to the neck with your fingers supporting the shoulders, and your knee supporting the arm. Administer firm strikes to the child’s back, just between the shoulder blades. Do this until the object blocking the airway comes out.

For an older child, the Heimlich maneuver is the first aid for choking. Kneel behind the child and place your right fist just above the navel and cover the fist with your other palm, then begin to apply pressure to the abdomen as if you are attempting to lift the child. Repeat this five times until the object comes out.

Nose Bleed

For a nosebleed, let the child sit down upright and bend the neck forward to allow the blood to flow onto the ground, using a clean cloth, pinch the top of the nose for 10 minutes which should be enough time to stop the bleeding. If the bleeding hasn’t stopped, rush to the hospital, but maintain the posture.

Sprain

A sprain is less serious than a fracture and the pain is less severe. The first aid for a sprain is to take the pressure off the sprained area and raise it up for about 20 minutes. Follow this up with a cold compress to control the pain.

Breathing Problems

If the child cannot breathe, CPR will be needed. Lay the child on their back, and put the heel of your palm over the middle of their chest, and begin compressions. Each time you compress, allow for the chest to rise back to position. You can do 30 compressions and check to see if they are breathing. Keep doing this until they begin to breath or help arrives.

Cuts

For small cuts, there is not much to them, just wash the area with soap and water and allow the wound to heel. Deeper cuts with a lot of blood, on the other hand, need more attention. Wash the area and sterilize it, apply pressure to the injured part while raising the area above the level of the heart. When the bleeding stops, you can wrap the wound with a sterile bandage. If the bleeding persists, seek medical attention as soon as possible.

It is important to have a first aid kit handy at all times and remember that first aid is not the complete treatment, have a doctor take a look after administering first aid. You can consider first aid and CPR classes online to master the life-saving skills.


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Burn and skin injuries can cause death if not well treated. To treat and give first aid the burn injury, you should know the type of burn injury. Read this article to learn more.

Death cases caused by burning injuries have decreased over the years. However, this does not mean that there are no death cases caused by them. In this article, you are going to know about the common types of burns and how you can take care of the victim before they are transferred to the emergency department for treatment.

It is approximated that there are 45,000 patients who suffer from burn injuries and they need to be hospitalized on a yearly basis. When you have appropriate first aid burns training, you can lower the number of victims in hospitals

The Skin as a Protective Barrier

The skin is the largest organ in the body and it carries out a number of functions. It provides a barrier against any physical injury. It also important for thermoregulation as it plays an important role in the synthesis of vitamin D and the prevention of loss of fluid from your body.

The skin is made up of two layers which are the inner epidermis and the outer epidermis. Both of them have been separated by a membrane. When the burn injuries occur, they can lead to damage to the skin and disturbance of your body system.

The best way of describing the burn injury is by identifying its cause:

Thermal Burns

They are caused when someone comes into contact with the hot substances in the form of a liquid, solid, and a flame. When the skin comes into contact with these items for a long period of time, the wound will be deeper.

Since other items such as grease and cooking oil have a higher boiling point, the destruction they cause on the skin is colossal.

Chemical Burns

They can destroy the body tissues and continue causing damage if they do not become neutralized. Chemical burns can be caused by acids, alkali, and other organic compounds. Gasoline and the disinfectants are the main causes of chemical burns.

Electrical Burns

They can cause death by paralyzing the working of the respiratory muscles within your body. The extent of electrical damage on your skin can fail to be seen during the first week. However, as time goes, the extent of the damage will be visibly bigger.

Frostbite

It is caused when one is exposed to temperatures which are very cold. Each part of your body that is uncovered can be affected by frostbite. If it is not treated appropriately, frostbite can cause deterioration of the health of the affected individual.

Radiation Burns

They are caused when there is high exposure of the skin to the radiation rays. Ionizing radiation will take place causing the damage of the tissues which can in some cases affect the DNA.

When a person has been affected by the fire, it is important to put in place the necessary first aid and subsequent treatment to help the person to get back to their normal health. Getting first aid burns training will help you to know the appropriate tips to use in case of a burn injury.


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April 5, 2019 First AidSafety Tips0

There are a lot of differences between stroke and heart attack. Here are the differences you need to know.

A heart attack is a condition that happens when there is damage to the muscles within your heart. The damage of the heart muscles can be caused by the damage of the coronary artery. The coronary artery is involved in the movement of oxygen into the tissue muscles of the heart. A heart attack is one of the common causes of rising death cases.

The occurrence of an abnormal heartbeat can also cause a heart attack. In some cases, it can lead to the damage of the muscles within your heart and in some cases can cause death. Taking a first aid and CPR certification online will help you acquire the right skills on handling the heart attack victims.

Definition of a Stroke

A stroke happens when the tissues of the brain are deprived of enough oxygen. It can lead to the death of the brain tissue causing the occurrence of a stroke. One of the common causes of a stroke is the clot which can block the vessels used in the circulation of blood.

The stroke can cause damage to the tissues of your brain or in some cases, it can lead to death. When the damage of the brain tissues becomes so big, the individual may die.

Medical Emergencies Involving Heart Attack and Stroke: Mini Stroke

It occurs when there is a temporary blockage of the blood vessels found in the brain. The symptoms produced are similar to the ones produced in the case of a stroke. However, during a mini-stroke, the stroke symptoms will be resolved within a short period of time. It does not also cause any permanent damage to the tissues.

The mini strokes act as a sign of warning of the full-stroke and it is therefore important to make sure you are seeking treatment at the appropriate time.

Between Stroke and Heart Attack — Which is Worse?

Nobody would want to have a heart attack or a stroke since both of them can cause disability challenges. When we talk about mortality statistics, the heart attack is the leading cause of the mortality cases and the occurrence of stroke is ranked at position five as the main cause of death.

The individual who goes through a heart attack or stroke can have a change in many aspects of their lives. Their survival will depend on the level of damage to the brain tissues after the occurrence of the stroke. For example, the occurrence of a stroke can cause a number of challenges such as the loss of ability to communicate in an appropriate manner.

If someone experiences a heart attack or stroke, it is very important to put the necessary safety precautions in place to help the person. The best way of handling the situation is by carrying out the appropriate CPR practices. You can also call the emergency department so that they can come fast. To avoid heart complications, make sure you maintain your health by leading a healthier lifestyle through regular exercise and eating. It is also important for you to get first aid and CPR certification online.


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Bloodborne pathogens are harmful microorganisms. These are found mainly in the human blood. It can cause diseases in the human body system. These pathogens can be transferred between humans by direct contact with the blood of an infected person. Needlestick, Razors, and other sharp objects are other mediums by which a person can contract the disease. Examples of the bloodborne pathogens include but are not limited to Human Immuno Deficiency Virus (HIV), Hepatitis C Virus(HCV), and Hepatitis B Virus (HBV).

By the definition given above, one can realize that these bloodborne pathogens can be easily contracted. These can be contracted in the industry, hospital, or any workplace that involves the use of sharp objects regularly. Hence in order to reduce the risk of exposure of employees to these bloodborne pathogens the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has made provisions in the OSHA’s Bloodborne Pathogen Standard (29 CFR 1910.1030). Here an employer must have plans put in place to prevent exposure of employees with well-coordinated details on Employee protection. The employer’s plan must explain in plain detail. How the workplace would put in place personal protective clothing, hepatitis B vaccinations, medical surveillance, employee training, and the other requirements as stated in the OSHA Blood Borne Pathogen Standard.

If all the requirements of the nationally accepted OSHA standard (29 CFR 1910.1030) are met then the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) would offer the company or organization a bloodborne pathogen certification for the control of bloodborne pathogens in the workplace.

HOW TO CONTROL BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS IN THE WORKPLACE:

  1. Contaminated surfaces and equipment should be cleaned and disinfected. The best option for an infected surface or equipment is disposal. In the case whereby the disposal would be detrimental to the workplace then the use of a good disinfectant should suffice.
  2. Employee training. The employees in a workplace should be trained on safety, protective clothing, what to do during an accident, and what to do when exposed to infections. Training the employees would foster a more cautious environment.
  3. Hepatitis B Vaccinations. This is essential for every employee during the first day of resumption into the workplace and regular shots to help strengthen the immune system against the Hepatitis B virus Pathogen.
  4. Follow up on individuals that have been exposed to the workplace.
  5. There should standards for healthcare workers, put in place for contact with patients with open injuries and heavy bleeding to prevent contact with blood.
  6. There should not be eating or drinking in the workplace. The workplace should adopt habits that would reduce exposure of the employees to the bloodborne pathogen.
  7. The use of personal protective equipment such as gloves, overalls should be enforced in the workplace.
  8. Make available Post Exposure Prophylaxis in the workplace. Not just available but also easy to reach in the case of an emergency.

What to do when exposed to Bloodborne pathogens?

  1. Rinse off the exposed body part thoroughly with soap and water.
  2. Report exposure to the relevant authorities so they would administer the proper follow up.

 


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June 20, 2018 First AidSafety Tips0

Summer is here. Families are spending more time on vacations, outdoors, and around swimming pools more during this time of the year than any other.

Keep the fun going, and remember to take safety precautions wherever you are. In places where there is likely more water, the most possible accident to occur is drowning. Find areas to swim in with lifeguards on duty.

 The following shows the characters, knowledge, and skills of a great lifeguard: 

  • Enjoys being in the water

A great lifeguard most likely enjoys being in the water because they are known to be good swimmers. Being confident in the water and in their swimming abilities is essential for being a lifeguard.  

  • Strong and reliable 

Since lifeguards are known to save drowning people, they must possess the physical ability to carry someone from the sea to the shore. They must also be reliable because a great lifeguard always works on time. 

  • Knows how to respond in emergency situations. 

Since drowning is very evident in seas, pools, or resorts then lifeguard must know how to perform first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation on patients who are in need

  • Can interact with others. 

A great lifeguard is friendly but also knows how to enforce safety precautions and rules. Lifeguards, at some point, will look after a large group of people and need to communicate with anyone breaking the pool safety expectations.

Out of all the things mentioned above, the most important trait that a lifeguard must possess is being knowledgeable in emergency situations. Lifeguards must know how to perform first aid or CPR in any sense because these two are very important especially in such cases where someone is drowning.

Hopefully, the area you are in has great lifeguards on duty. It is still recommended to stay extra precautions and learn CPR and First Aid. Enroll in CPR courses online to be prepared in case of emergency and build confidence to handle the situation.


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Our immune system has a natural way of defending us from foreign materials that make us sick. It creates antibodies, specialized cells that destroy anything that is foreign in our blood and tissues. However, you have to note that there are people with sensitive immune systems, and having the knowledge of first aid and online CPR recertification program can help save lives when it comes to serious allergies. 

When an immune system is too sensitive, it can consider milk, peanuts, or shellfish as threats to the body. When this happens, it overreacts and attacks even the healthiest cells in the body. Effects include red and itchy skin, rashes, sneezing, and even digestive issues. When the allergy is more serious, it could result in cardiac arrest, respiratory failure, and even death. 

What to Do When an Allergic Reaction Happens 

If your family or someone you know seems to be having a serious allergic reaction, follow these steps to effectively administer aid until professional help arrives. 

Know When it is Serious 

Mild reactions can include skin rashes, swelling, diarrhea, sneezing, and runny nose. These symptoms can be easily treated. But, the case is different when the victim experiences more serious reactions like anaphylactic shock. 

Usually, people who undergo anaphylactic shock feel nauseous and light-headed. They will also have a weak pulse. Since the airway can experience swelling, the victim may have difficulty in breathing.  

Administer Epinephrine 

There are people who know that they have really serious allergies and because of that, they carry around an EpiPen with them. When someone in your vicinity goes into serious reactions, see if they have an EpiPen with them. 

An EpiPen is a simple auto-injector with a single dose of epinephrine. It is normally injected into the thigh. Additionally, you do not need to have an advanced medical background to administer it.  

In special cases, people will need two shots of epinephrine. But, before you administer the second shot, you need to seek out a qualified medic first. 

Call 911 

 In some cases, a person may not have an EpiPen with them when they enter into a state of anaphylactic shock. When this happens, the very first thing you need to do is to call 911. 

Administer CPR 

While waiting for the medical help to arrive, the person may fall into unconsciousness. When this happens, it is time to administer CPR. The heel of your hand must be between the nipples and at the center of the chest and then have the second hand over the first. Make sure that your shoulders are above your hands. With this position, start pressing down with your body weight together with the strength of your arm. 

This should be done continuously until someone takes over or until the help arrives. 

If the Person is Conscious, Treat for Shock 

When the person is still conscious, have them lying down with their feet 12 inches above their head. You do not have to give them oral medicines because they would most likely be experiencing difficulty in breathing. As someone trained through an online CPR recertification program, you should know to talk to the person so they stay calm until a medical professional arrives. 


American Health Care Academy provides training for CPR certification online, AED training and Standard First Aid for lay-responders and Healthcare Providers.

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