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Take precautions when providing First Aid care to people with suspected COVID-19

As a Good Samaritan, you may have already completed a basic first aid training course. In the panic of the coronavirus pandemic, it’s important to keep in touch with news about the disease and any CDC updates. Most importantly, healthcare providers, medical personnel, clinics, and hospitals need to stay on top of pandemic preparedness and infection prevention protocols.

Here are some resources for healthcare / medical personnel in regards to COVID-19:

  • More pandemic resources can be found here.

When providing First Aid:

  • Those who provide direct care for someone who may have COVID-19 should wear respiratory protection/masks (i.e., N-95 mask), disposable gloves, and eye mask. CDC guidance allows provides info on alternatives to respirators where there is a shortage of respirators.
  • Post care, providers of first aid should perform hand hygiene as they would normally do, discard personal protective equipment (PPE), and disinfect items that the patient may have touched.
Corona Virus Prevention

For Medical Personnel:

Providers with contact with persons known or suspected to have COVID-19 should monitor themselves for symptoms. These may include fever, runny nose, cough, and/or shortness of breath. If these symptoms occur, they should self-isolate for 14 days and contact their healthcare provider or healthcare facility.

Additional information about the coronavirus can be found on the CDC website on https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/index.html.

 


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March 12, 2020 First AidSafety Tips0

COVID-19 Precautions

The health and safety of the American Health Care Academy community is extremely important to us. We want you all to prepare and be aware of all of the safety information and preventive measures set forth by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC), the World Health Organization (WHO), and other national and local public health agencies regarding the coronavirus.

Empowered by our commitment to provide quality healthcare education, we want to encourage everyone to:

  • Stay informed on the developments of the coronavirus. Take proactive steps in maintaining a safe and healthy environment within your household, workplace, and community.
  • Learn the basic procedures of performing first aid. We’ve seen a recent upsurge in First Aid training and education due to the current Coronavirus outbreak. This training may help you keep calm if an emergency arises.

It is important to understand the symptoms and risks relating to coronavirus, and the steps you can take to stay healthy to protect yourself from the virus.

COVID-19 Symptoms:

Symptoms may include a cough, fever, and shortness of breath or other respiratory issues. Symptoms usually appear within two to 14 days.

COVID-19 Precautions:

  • Stay home if you are sick.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Avoid close contact with people who have cold or flu-like symptoms.
  • Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water.
  • Cover your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze, and dispose of the used tissue immediately.
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces using a regular household cleaning spray or antiseptic wipes.
  • If you are working in a medical field, are in contact with people who may be ill or are traveling, use personal protective equipment, such as gloves and face masks, whenever possible.

When to seek medical help:

Seek medical attention and call in advance if you have a fever, cough, and difficulty breathing, and have a recent history of travel to countries where COVID-19 is spreading – such as China, South Korea, Iran, and Italy. Avoid travel unless essential. Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility and prevent the possible spread of the coronavirus.

Additional information about the coronavirus can be found on the CDC website here: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/index.html


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January 20, 2020 First Aid0

People who recover from severe burns state that a supporting family and helpful friends play an essential role in the process of healing burn wounds. There are cases where survivors said that they received help from people they never knew, and others confessed that some friends disappeared when they fell ill. It is useful to enroll for a first aid burns course so that you can help a patient effectively.

Injured patients should not be isolated. A first aid burns course will equip a person with knowledge about how to give first aid, show support, and care for burn victims.

Visiting them in Hospitals

Inquire if visitors are allowed for the visiting hours in the medical facility. During surgery and recovery, when patients are under heavy sedation, visiting is rejected. The hours’ visitors are commonly accepted to visit patients is during the afternoon and evenings after they have undergone physical therapy.

Carry a Gift for the Patients but Not Flowers

Flowers may carry germs and harmful bacteria, which can damage the health of a patient. Some hospitals agree to have artificial flowers placed in the rooms of burn patients. The most recommended items to take as a gift include:

  • Comic books
  • Drawing books and crayons or a journal
  • Pictures and posters that they love and which acts as a reminder of a moment both of you shared
  • Bring their favorite foods with high-calorie composition
  • You can gift a nurse who takes care of the burn patient

Tips for Starting a Conversation with a Burn Patient

If the patient is ready to talk about how the accident occurred, listen keenly, and talk less. When a patient feels cagey and does not want to indulge in such talks, respect the decision, and never insist.

Speak positively about the injury. Avoid statements that make the patient feel attacked or threatened. Point out how strong it is to suffer such burns and still have the hope of living a healthy life.

A show of empathy through a message that explains how tragic events have affected you as a person will encourage the patient. Work on your non-verbal communication and body language because you may send the wrong message to the victim.

What Else You Can Do Apart from Hospital Visits

  • Send a well-wishing card to the patient
  • Volunteer to help sustain the immediate family by providing food and doing some household activities
  • Take care of the children

Things to Do When a Patient Gets Discharged From Hospital

The truth is that many of those patients who arrive home do not receive the care they were getting at the hospital. It becomes hard for them to drive back for therapy and also survive by themselves.

  • Drive them to the hospital when they are going for check-ups
  • Help the patient’s family abundantly
  • Welcome the patient back by throwing them a party
  • Visit them once in a while and listen to how they are fairing

Do not be so kind to the patient and forget about your health. Take breaks when you require them because others can also help them.


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December 26, 2019 First Aid0

One of the biggest fears is to lose one’s baby to choking. Sadly, choking is the third leading cause of infant death. There is a thin line between gagging and choking and understanding this could be the hack to saving your child today. Enroll for the Health Care Provider CPR today and learn more lifesaving procedures in case a child or any other person around you needs first aid and CPR. Discover what differentiates gagging from choking and how to administer help in a choking scenario.

Numerous lives have been lost as a result of delayed first aid or medical assistance. Delayed assistance consequentially is caused by the lack of skills to save lives and contain a situation. For this reason, you are encouraged to enroll for health care provider CPR to become certified in first aid. Take a chance today and be of help not just to your baby but the community at large.

Gagging

Gagging is similar to stumbling when practicing to walk only that it applies to wean in babies. It is, in fact, a natural safety mechanism to prevent babies from choking when adjusting to solid meals in their diets. It involves bringing swallowed food back into the mouth, chewing it once again, and then swallowing in small bits. Gagging signs involve watery eyes, vomiting, and tongue hanging outside. This could be caused by food overload or dislike for the food taste. It may be noisy and look frustrating but nothing compared to choking.

Choking

Choking is often a result of the blockage in the airway causing suffocation. In babies, this may be caused by the entry of food into the trachea instead of the esophagus. The reflex action in this situation involves the casualty choking to force the logged object out. Coughing is, however, possible if the trachea is not fully covered. But in the case where the logged object is bigger and has covered the whole trachea, breathing or talking becomes difficult and without help, the victim could easily die. To prevent choking cases, always cut food into smaller particles for your baby and discourage older siblings from sharing their meals with babies.

First Aid and CPR

Be as calm as possible to effectively handle the situation. Observe for signs of choking which may include the inability to speak, cry, or breathe. If possible, dislodge the stuck object from their mouth or alternatively encourage coughing. Once you see the stuck food material, you can either pull it out or encourage them to swallow by pushing it way down their throat. Lay the kid facing downwards and gently hit them approximately five times on their backs. Upon each set check their mouths to see progress or movement of the object. You can also alternatively use your two fingers to push the sternum area (center of the chest) inwards and then check for results. Should the choking persist call medical help and proceed with the above processes alternating each for better results. You are also required to administer CPR to the infant if they become unconscious.


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Emergency services play a great role in saving the lives of people. You are going to understand the various channels involved in emergency care in this article.

An emergency is a situation that requires you to take immediate action. These situations can happen at any place and time. Therefore, it is important to learn how to react in such a situation. BLS courses online provide tips to acquire the necessary knowledge and skills. After the BLS certificate expires, you will need to look for BLS renewal online to stay up to date with the guidelines.

Likely, the tips you acquire from these courses could help you save a life. Moreover, here are some top tips for emergency and first aid services.

Understanding Emergency Services

The emergency medical services (EMS) is usually a link that builds upon another link. The success of these links will depend on the success of the other link. When carried out correctly, the emergency medical services will move the victim from one level to the other until their health is restored.

Act as a Responsible Citizen

As a citizen, you are the first respondent when it comes to carrying out emergency care. First, you would begin acting on the situation by recognizing that the person is suffering from an emergency. Next, call the emergency services or the police to come and rescue the victim. This will increase the chances of survival of the victim. Of course, with proper training, you will have the ability to take necessary first aid action.

People Involved in an Emergency Situation

The second link is the person who works in the communication department at the emergency services. They are the ones to determine the type of help needed by the victim. They will go ahead to dispatch the appropriate emergency officers to handle the situation. Some of them can give you guidelines on how you can help the victim as you wait for the emergency officers.

The emergency medical expert is the third person in the link. They will provide the victim with skilled medical care services. Such professionals usually use advanced techniques and they save the lives of people.

The above three links will provide the patient without hospital care services. The fourth link consists of the healthcare providers who will begin treatment when the individual is taken to the hospital. There are so many people involved in this link such as the physicians, nurses, and other healthcare professionals.

The final link in the emergency medical services is rehabilitation. It is intended to get the patient back to the original state. When the victim has arrived at the emergency department, they will work together to help the patient regain their health. It can also include members of the family working together to help the victim.

Each of us is required to play a role in the chain system. Responding to an emergency situation is easy and you do not require any expertise to carry out the activity. When the chain is stronger, there are high chances of saving the life of the victim. If you have BLS training, you can also carry out first aid measures. You can consider BLS renewal online, once it expires.


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The term arrest can be used to describe a failure of the blood circulatory system or the heart. There is a wide difference between cardiac arrest and respiratory arrest. Sometimes the respiratory arrest is termed as a pulmonary arrest. Many times, this causes more confusion. This is mostly used when referring to first aid and CPR certification online as a treatment for cardiopulmonary arrest.

Difference between Cardiac and Respiratory Arrest

The difference between cardiac arrest and respiratory arrest can simply be brought about by a pulse. The normal breathing is affected during a respiratory or pulmonary arrest. While in a cardiac arrest the normal flow of blood in parts of the body stops. Cardiac arrest is the state where the heart stops beating since blood flow is less detected. Although, the heart might still be trying to pump blood to other body parts.

How to Differentiate?

Both cardiac arrest and respiratory arrest cause unconsciousness and a lack of breathing. However, in the case of a respiratory arrest, the patient’s heart is still beating and pumping blood to other body parts. While in a cardiac arrest the heart stops beating. In other words, blood is not pumped around the body. Rescuers feel for a pulse if he lacks modernized equipment to test if the heart is pumping. A pulse is an outward assessment of the arteries to confirm if blood is flowing.

Feeling the pulse is not the perfect method for determining a heartbeat but it helps where proper equipment is unavailable. Many times, rescuers spend more time checking for a pulse when the victim does not show signs of one. According to CPR training, a cardiac arrest and a respiratory arrest should be treated the same way. Call emergency helplines, and begin chest compressions and rescue breaths.

Respiratory Arrest Causes Cardiac Arrest

The two conditions are linked as respiratory arrest will definitely lead to a cardiac arrest if there is no one to treat it. When a person has a respiratory arrest-

  1. Carbon dioxide in the bloodstream is not fully removed hence causing a pileup of carbonic acid. The carbonic acid in excess affects the heart and the brain.
  2. With the piling up of carbon dioxide in the bloodstream, the level of oxygen consequently goes down. Insufficient oxygen in the blood leads to heart and brain problems.

Without necessary treatment and care, respiratory arrest leads to cardiac arrest.

Cardiac Arrest in Brief

Cardiac arrest is when the heart is not pumping blood to other body parts. During a cardiac arrest, the heart might either be beating or not beating. But in both circumstances, blood is not moving to body parts. The brain cannot function without a sufficient supply of blood. To keep the brain cells alive, a constant supply of blood rich in oxygen is required. The brain shuts as soon as the blood supply stops. Rescuers should have first aid and CPR certification online in order to provide effective help during an emergency.


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October 7, 2019 CPR TrainingFirst Aid0

An emergency can arise out of nowhere. You may be having family fun in the park when all of a sudden grandpa clenches his chest and falls to the ground. If you are lucky, you took online first aid and CPR so you know what to do, and immediately diagnose the problem and begin CPR. Here is a quick guide to using an AED to shock someone back to life.

It is important to know where you can find an AED. Usually, they are placed in convenient places so that you can access them in case of an emergency. It will help if there are multiple people with one who has done online first aid and CPR training or any other similar training. One person can begin CPR as another locates an AED.

The great thing about an AED is that it is made to provide audio instructions so that even a person who has never used one can follow the instructions. Open it up once you receive it. You might see an ‘on’ button or it may be the kind that turns on automatically once it is opened.

Position the Pads

You will see two pads with pictures of where they are to be positioned. Place the pads as you see in the illustration. One pad will be on the right side just above the nipple and another on the left just below the chest. Sometimes, there may be other variations on how to place the pads, so follow what you see in the picture on the pads.

Hands off the Victim

Once the pads are placed and connected, the AED should give you instructions to “clear.” This means to stop CPR and do not touch the victim. The machine needs to get a reading of only the victim’s heart activity. At this point, the AED will carry out an analysis.

Action

After the analysis, the machine will determine what the next action should be. If it finds there is no heartbeat, it will instruct you to initiate the shock by pressing the shock button. Some of these machines will just count down and do the shocking automatically. If however there is a heartbeat detected, it will let you know.

Continue CPR

After a shock, it is still important to continue CPR. The heart at this point may not yet be able to continue beating at a normal rhythm. Therefore, the AED will instruct you to carry out CPR for two minutes as it continues to monitor the victim’s rate. If more shocking is needed, the AED will let you know after the 2 minutes of CPR.

Although the AED can shock a victim’s heart back to action, it is still very important to know CPR. Before you have the machine, CPR is crucial, and even after shocking, you may still need to carry it out. If you do not know how to administer CPR, please learn. American Health Care Academy offers online CPR courses to train at a convenient time and location.

 


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September 30, 2019 First Aid0

Burns occur as a result of tissue damage. Tissue damage observed in burns could be caused by fire, electric shock, hot water, radiation, and corrosive chemicals.

Whenever a person suffers from burns, the first course of action is to determine the severity of the burns and do first aid burns.

Moreover, burns are usually classified as major and minors. Proper determination of the severity of burns is important as the treatment of each class of burn is different. Importantly, below is an explanation of how you can differentiate between major and minor burns, and you can learn more by taking a first aid burns course.

How to Determine a Major Burn:

The following characteristics will help you in identifying a major burn:

• Deep burn
• When the burn leads to dry, rubbery skin
• Also, when the burn is bigger than 3 inches or more in diameter or spreads over the hands, face, feet, back, groin, or a big joint
• Likely, the burn has a charred look, or you can see patches of brown or black

How to Determine a Minor Burn:

These features will help you in identifying a minor burn:

• The burn is less than three inches
• Surface has a red appearance similar to sunburn
• Pain
• There is blistering of the skin

How to Administer First Aid for a Major Burn

Unlike minor burns, major burns are very severe and the crucial step is to phone emergency hotlines for help. While awaiting help, follow the steps below to help the victim:

1. First, ensure the safety of yours and the burned person by taking them out of harm’s way if possible.
2. Check if the burned individual is breathing. If he/she is experiencing difficulty breathing, administer rescue breathing such as CPR if you’ve been trained.
3. Jewelry, belts, and other items that restrict should be removed as burned places quickly swell.
4. Protect the burned part by covering it with a clean piece of cloth or a bandage moistened with cool and clean water.
5. If fingers and feet are severely burnt, separate them with clean and disinfected, non-adhesive bandage.
6. Clear the burned place by removing clothes in the area but don’t remove clothing that is caught to the skin.
7. Do not put the burned person or part in water. Immersing burned part in water can cause a quick loss of heat, a phenomenon called Hypothermia.
8. Lift the burned part above the heart if possible.
9. Check for signs of shock, and it manifests as low breathing, pale appearance, and fainting.

How to Deal With a Minor Burn:

1. Unlike major burns, you can cool minor burns. Cool the affected area in running water, then apply cool compresses till the pain reduces.
2. Next, remove tight and restricting body items before the affected areas begin to swell.
3. Don’t break blisters as they protect the burned part from infection. However, if blisters break on their own, clean, and spread on antibiotic cream.
4. Keeping a burned area moisturized relieves pain and prevents the place from drying out. Therefore, spread lotion on the area.
5. Bandage the burned area using germ-free gauze. Don’t use fluffy cotton as well as keeping too much compression on the area.
6. You can use common painkillers such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen, to cope with the pain.

It is important you follow the proper procedure when dealing with burns as they will make a recovery faster.


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Find out how CPR and first aid comes to the rescue when your kid is in an emergency situation.

First aid and CPR are life-saving skills everyone should endeavor to acquire. When you are a parent, it is even more important that you know first aid and CPR since there is no predicting what kind of accident your kid could end up in considering how clumsy kids can be. You can look for CPR classes online, and this article will equip you with basics that could save your child’s life.

Choking

Infants experiment with their mouths and this puts them at risk of choking. Every parent needs to be prepared to deal with such a situation when dealing with babies. For a young child still under 1 year, you will put the child on your arms face down and then let your arm run lengthwise along the belly to the neck with your fingers supporting the shoulders, and your knee supporting the arm. Administer firm strikes to the child’s back, just between the shoulder blades. Do this until the object blocking the airway comes out.

For an older child, the Heimlich maneuver is the first aid for choking. Kneel behind the child and place your right fist just above the navel and cover the fist with your other palm, then begin to apply pressure to the abdomen as if you are attempting to lift the child. Repeat this five times until the object comes out.

Nose Bleed

For a nosebleed, let the child sit down upright and bend the neck forward to allow the blood to flow onto the ground, using a clean cloth, pinch the top of the nose for 10 minutes which should be enough time to stop the bleeding. If the bleeding hasn’t stopped, rush to the hospital, but maintain the posture.

Sprain

A sprain is less serious than a fracture and the pain is less severe. The first aid for a sprain is to take the pressure off the sprained area and raise it up for about 20 minutes. Follow this up with a cold compress to control the pain.

Breathing Problems

If the child cannot breathe, CPR will be needed. Lay the child on their back, and put the heel of your palm over the middle of their chest, and begin compressions. Each time you compress, allow for the chest to rise back to position. You can do 30 compressions and check to see if they are breathing. Keep doing this until they begin to breath or help arrives.

Cuts

For small cuts, there is not much to them, just wash the area with soap and water and allow the wound to heel. Deeper cuts with a lot of blood, on the other hand, need more attention. Wash the area and sterilize it, apply pressure to the injured part while raising the area above the level of the heart. When the bleeding stops, you can wrap the wound with a sterile bandage. If the bleeding persists, seek medical attention as soon as possible.

It is important to have a first aid kit handy at all times and remember that first aid is not the complete treatment, have a doctor take a look after administering first aid. You can consider first aid and CPR classes online to master the life-saving skills.


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It is essential to know how to provide first aid help to stop bleeding from cuts or wounds. Read on to know more.

Most adults use knives and sharp objects in their lives. Whether they are professional chefs, home chefs, gardeners, medical helpers or surgeons, load track drivers, housewives or students, or just grandmothers helping their grandchildren to craft. If you have not yet considered it, it is the perfect time to apply for online CPR certification and learn to help.

When to Call Emergency Help?

If the bleeding from the cut or wound is severe or if you suspect internal bleeding, if there is an abdominal or chest wound, do not hesitate and call immediately for a medical emergency unit.

If you have been trying to stop bleeding for the last 10 minutes but you have not succeeded or the blood spurts out of the wound, call emergency without a delay.

How to Stop Bleeding?

Start by applying pressure directly on the cut with a clean cloth or tissue until the bleeding stops.

Even if the blood soaks through the pressed material, do not remove it. Keep adding more clothes or gauze on top of the soaked one and do not stop pressuring.

How to Clean the Cut or Wound?

Try to rinse and clean the wound or cut with soap and warm water. Apply it gently to the spot.

Rinse with the soap. Try to clean it completely to prevent irritation.
Do not use any hydrogen peroxide or iodine, it could damage the tissue when applied.

How to Protect the Wound?

After rinsing all the soap out of the wound, gently apply the gauze to dry out any remaining water.

Apply an antibiotic cream to the wound. It reduces the risk of infection. Cover the wound with a sterile bandage.

If it is necessary, change the bandage every day, try to keep the wound clean and dry at all times.

Should I Call a Doctor?

You need to call a doctor if the wound is deep or the edges of the wound are agape.

When the wound is on a face or has debris and dirt in it and you are not able to take it out, call a doctor.

There are signs of infection, maybe redness, or the patient shows a sign of fever, you need to call a doctor.

If the area around the wound or the cut feels numb, or it was resulted by an animal or even a human bite, it is of utmost emergency to call for medical help.

Ask the person with a deep cut if he or she has had a tetanus shot in the past five years. If not, or they do not remember, it is best to call a doctor to avoid any infection.

We all wish to stay healthy, not having any accidents or injuries. But not even staying at home barricaded from the outside world may keep us protected from getting cut or some kind of wound.

It is essential to learn prevention and how to help if needed. Apply for online CPR certification today and start saving lives.


American Health Care Academy provides training for CPR certification online, AED training and Standard First Aid for lay-responders and Healthcare Providers.

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