If you are not a paramedic, doctor or nurse, the automatic defibrillator (AED) is what you are most likely to use if you ever need to give first aid to a person whose heart has stopped. These are made to be used by even an amateur or untrained caregiver, but it is best if you get BLS certification online. They do most of the work and the person helping the victim needs to retrieve it from wherever it has been placed, place the electrode pads as shown in the illustrations and the machine will read the vital signs and determine when to initiate the shock and how much voltage to apply.
Sometimes you may need to press a button to initiate or the equipment will do it all automatically.
This is the one that can be switched to either work as an automatic defibrillator or if medical personnel sees it fit, they can override the automatic setting and use it manually.
This is the one you would find in a medical facility or with paramedics. It is according to the medical person’s reading of the situation that they will decide what voltage would be sufficient. If you get BLS certification online you will be in a better position to assess.
It is not common, but it is used by people with problems with their heart rhythm. The defibrillator is inserted into the chest and it monitors the rhythm and can provide a shock when it is necessary.
Confirm Cardiac Arrest
Before applying AED on the person, check to be sure it is cardiac arrest. Check three things. If the victim cannot respond, check the pulse, and check if the patient is breathing. If there is no response, pulse or breath, start CPR immediately.
Start with the ABC method:
Airway- Move the head towards the back and the chin. Remove any object obstructing the airwave.
Breathing- Lean your head towards the nose. Also, look at the chest if there is any rising and falling.
Circulation- If the victim has any color change, sweating, or change in the level of consciousness.
Try waking up the person
If you think the person is unconscious, wake them up to make sure they are not just asleep. You can shake them up, yell at them or clap to their eye. If they do not show any signs of waking up, it is a confirmation that you are dealing with a cardiac arrest patient.
Call Emergency Number
As soon as you confirm it is cardiac arrest, call for help. Explain to them what you have done and what you are planning to do. Also, seek any advice on how to better deal with your patient.
Begin the CPR
Begin giving the CPR while another person is performing AED. However, if you are alone, call for help before giving the CPR.
- Give a 30 minutes chest compression. After every 30 minutes interval, give 2 breaths
- Keep the chest compression steady — 100 compressions every minute
- If you are not aware of how long the patient has been unconscious, first perform the AED before CPR.
And now you know enough about defibrillators you can put CPR training into effect and a defibrillator to save someone’s life in case they are having a cardiac arrest. More of them are being placed in public areas since that is where most arrests occur.